AI research

Researchers identify potential indicators of consciousness in AI systems

Summary A new report explores consciousness in AI, using scientific theories of consciousness to develop indicator properties that could indicate whether an AI system is likely to be conscious. Artificial intelligence has made many advances in recent years, and in some cases – justifiably or not – raised questions about whether they could become conscious. …

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AVIS showcases Google’s progress in AI-powered image search

Summary Google’s AVIS tries to answer questions about images where the information is not readily available, such as the date an airline was founded or the year a car was built. Recent advances in large language models (LLMs) have enabled multimodal capabilities for tasks such as image captioning and visual question answering. However, these visual …

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GPT-4 Code Interpreter smashes maths benchmarks, hits new SOTA

Summary Researchers have achieved a new SOTA on the MATH benchmark with GPT-4 Code Interpreter using new prompting methods. The team tested OpenAI’s latest AI system, GPT-4 Code Interpreter (GPT4-Code), on mathematical reasoning datasets such as MATH. The dataset is recognized as the most challenging mathematical problem set, the researchers said. They found that GPT4-Code …

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pushing the boundaries of open source LLMs through self-alignment

Summary Meta developed a method for large language models to iteratively improve their ability to follow instructions, without relying on human annotation or distillation from more powerful models. Meta’s research proposes a new technique called “instruction backtranslation” that allows large language models like LLaMa to be fine-tuned to follow instructions without relying on expensive human …

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Million-image insect dataset promises advances in biodiversity

Maximilian Schreiner Midjourney prompted by THE DECODER Max is managing editor at THE DECODER. As a trained philosopher, he deals with consciousness, AI, and the question of whether machines can really think or just pretend to. Newsletter The BIOSCAN-1M Insect Dataset aims to expand the cataloging of insect biodiversity through a large dataset of one …

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Researchers discover political biases within AI language models

AI language models hold different political biases, according to a study from the University of Washington, Carnegie Mellon University, and Xi’an Jiaotong University. The researchers tested 14 models and found that OpenAI’s ChatGPT and GPT-4 were the most left-libertarian, while Meta’s LLaMA was the most right-wing authoritarian. The political compass test helped identify the models’ …

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OpenProteinSet provides open source training data for structural biology at scale

Summary OpenProteinSet provides a massive dataset of the same quality as the one used to train AlphaFold 2, which was not made available to the research community. Proteins are the workhorses of life. Understanding their sequences and structures is key to tackling challenges ranging from designing new enzymes to developing life-saving drugs. In recent years, …

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Microsoft Research says GPT-4 is good enough for medical tasks

Summary Companies like Google are developing language models optimized for medical purposes. Microsoft believes that GPT-4 is sufficient. According to Microsoft, large language models can help speed up medical processes by, for example, structuring “large unstructured data” that currently requires time-consuming manual processing. As an example, Microsoft cites the faster development of cancer drugs, where …

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AI agent Dynalang could change the way we talk to robots

Summary Dynalang is an AI agent that understands language and its environment by making predictions about the future in environments with a multimodal world model. A major challenge in AI research is to enable AI agents, such as robots, to communicate naturally with humans. Today’s agents, such as Google’s PaLM-SayCan, understand simple commands like “get …

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Scientific search engines cautiously test AI capabilities

Summary Various search engines for finding scientific publications are being equipped with AI functions. The companies promise to be especially careful, as AI-generated misinformation could do great harm, especially in science. On August 1, Elsevier, a large Dutch scientific publisher, released Scopus AI to a select group of 15,000 beta users. This is a GPT-3.5-based …

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